What the Fungi(e)?

Books and web sites agree, “Fungi(e) is a popular Caribbean dish.”

Huh? What? How? Wait a minute!

Was I looking at the wrong region? I swear I just read about this stiff cornmeal porridge last week when I was in Angola! Sources told me that Fungi(e) is served throughout many African countries with soups and stews.

Yet, here I was reading how popular the porridge is in the Caribbean.

Well, the sources are correct.

Turns out Fungi(e) was brought to the caribbean by African slaves. Years later, the dish remains a popular meal foundation, similar to rice and pasta. Sometimes it is eaten in porridge form, however it is also rolled into balls.

Even though I am doing picnic fare this week, I thought you would enjoy learning about Fungi(e). If you would like to try your hand at making fungi(e), check out this recipe.

Fungi(e) with saltfish. (Click to view this photo at host site)


  1. Brian S. says

    I had something similar to this in a Garifuna restaurant. What is that? Well I wrote a review of it and here it is because I think you will find the story of interest.

    Sometime in the early 17th century, a ship transporting captured Africans to a life of slavery foundered off the coast of Central America. That was the Africans’ lucky day. They managed to swim to shore. They built villages, intermarried with the local Carib Indians, and eventually evolved a distinctive culture, mostly African but with some native American elements too. Isolated and reclusive, they stayed in their remote coastal villages. Until not so long ago, if you wanted to sample their cuisine, that’s where you had to go, hitching a ride on one of the rickety freighters that ply the Mosquito Coast.

    At some point, a few of these villagers (now called Garifuni) left their native Honduras and settled in the South Bronx. True to their rebel roots, they got jobs and led the fight to organize trade unions in their fields of work. But until last year, there were no Garifuni restaurants. Now there is one. And so, instead of a freighter like the ones Joseph Conrad sailed on, you can take a subway to eat Garifuni food.

    Garifuni Star is a small restaurant, but the whitewashed walls make it seem far larger. On a late Sunday afternoon it was crowded with families eating, and some men who came to drink and watch TV. I ordered something called Machuca. It was $15 and there was a very long wait… not made any easier by my having to hear exclamations such as “this is the best food I ever ate!!” from the happy diners. Finally, the chef herself emerged proudly carrying my meal. It came in three big plates; I had got my money’s worth.

    The first plate held a whole pan-fried red snapper. The second bowl held a soup with 4 big shrimp at the bottom. The third plate had the machuca. Machuca, I learned, is a pounded paste made out of boiled plaintains. Like fufu, I told the chef. Yes, she agreed. And then I remembered, and told her, that in Uganda they have a very similar dish called with a very similar name, matoke. Coincidence? I don’t know. In any event the machuca was pure African.

    But the soup was the star of the show. It was rich and golden, and made with coconut and spices. It tasted very much like a Thai curry. It was wonderful. You either ate the soup plain or you took some machuca on a big spoon and then dipped it in the soup. In Africa, I said, they use their hand to make a ball of the machuca. The chef thought that was a bit uncouth. So I used the spoon.

    A wonderful meal. True fusion cuisine. If I had sailed for weeks on a steamer, and then got that meal, I wouldn’t have been disappointed.

  2. Darlene Edwards says

    I writing this email because im a little upset that someone could right an article and not check the correct spelling of a word. Im a Caribbean American who grow up a little in the caribbean and more in the US. When you write an article please please ask locals the correct speeling before you write it. The Correct spelling is Fungi without an e at ehe end.

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